Several factors are pointing to a possible rebound in emerging market stocks this year.
Stocks in China and other developing economies notched solid gains in 2019, but lagged the blockbuster market returns delivered by publicly traded companies in the U.S. and other developed economies.
The U.S.-China trade war and signs of slowing global economic growth clouded the outlook for emerging market stocks for much of last year, limiting share price gains.
Now, many Wall Street analysts are bullish on emerging market stocks. They point to the limited “Phase 1” trade deal signed this month by Washington and Beijing. The deal, while not removing billions in U.S. tariffs on Chinese goods, has eased trade tensions between the world’s two biggest economies.
That’s helped quell concerns that the economy in China and other emerging markets might slow this year and raised expectations for improved company earnings.
“In emerging markets, where economies are heavily dependent on on trade, the lower trade-related risk should flow through to improved sentiment and eventually improved (economic) activity data,” said Alejo Czerwonko, emerging markets strategist at UBS Global Wealth Management. “We believe emerging market earnings are set to recover in 2020 from a depressed base in 2019.”
Emerging market stocks bounced back last year following a dismal 2018.
The MSCI Emerging Markets Index, which tracks the performance of stocks in more than two dozen developing economies, posted a gain of 18.4 per cent in 2019. It posted a loss of 14.6 per cent the year before.
Still, that growth trailed markets in developed economies. Consider that the MSCI World Index, which is comprised of stocks in 23 developed markets, increased 27.7 per cent last year. Meanwhile, the S&P 500 index, the benchmark for U.S. stocks, finished 2019 with a gain of 28.9 per cent.
U.S. stocks have been the clear winners of the global race for returns because the U.S. economy has been on more solid footing.
But the easing of tensions in the U.S.-China trade conflict and central banks’ willingness to keep rates low or provide other forms of economic stimulus have helped stabilize the outlook for growth outside the U.S.
Leading economic indicators, including purchasing managers indexes, central bank interest rates and commodity prices are pointing to stronger growth in emerging market company earnings, Czerwonko said.
For example, manufacturing sentiment surveys in December showed activity continued to improve in emerging markets, even as its slowed in the U.S. While manufacturing accounts for 11 per cent of U.S. gross domestic product, it represents 21 per cent for emerging market economies.
Global stock markets are already pricing in better economic data and the U.S.-China trade truce. That means company earnings growth is likely going to be the key driver for stocks this year.
While the consensus analyst forecast calls for S&P 500 company earnings to grow 9.7 per cent this year, the estimate for emerging market stocks is brighter at 15.3 per cent, according to FactSet.
Company earnings growth in the U.S. was essentially flat through the first three quarters of 2019, and stock prices still notched big gains as investors increasingly showed they were willing to pay more for equities.
That’s driven up stock price valuations relative to earnings growth, particularly for U.S. stocks.
The price-to-earnings ratio for S&P 500 companies in 2019 is estimated at 20.5, according to FactSet. (The majority of earnings reports for the fourth quarter of last year will be released over the next few weeks.)
For emerging market stocks, as measured through the iShares MSCI Emerging Markets exchange-traded fund, the price-to-earnings ratio is estimated at 13.2.
Price-earnings multiples in the U.S., other developed markets, and emerging countries are above 10-year averages and near their early 2018 peaks, according to a recent UBS research note.
Even so, because emerging market stocks didn’t have as big of a run-up relative to earnings last year their valuations are now more attractive.
Within emerging markets, the analyst expects stocks in Brazil to be among the best performers this year, citing expectations of 20 per cent earnings growth and lower interest rates.
“We also favour China,” Czerwonko said. “We expect the economy to stabilize and policy support to continue.”