Reforming old age security (OAS) by changing the income level at which seniors are eligible and reducing the amount clawed back from seniors still in the work force would allow the government to better assist low-income seniors, says a study published by the Fraser Institute.

Under the current system, those aged 65-plus can earn up to $70,954 and still receive full OAS payments while seniors with incomes up to $114,670 receive partial payments. Currently, more than 950,000 seniors (17.5% of Canada’s seniors) have incomes greater than $50,000 annually. By comparison, the average annual wage of a typical Canadian worker is $45,776.

The study’s authors, Jason Clemens, Niels Veldhuis, and Milagros Palacios, suggest changing the eligibility for OAS benefits to better target lower- and middle-income seniors. Specifically, they recommend paying full OAS benefits to seniors with up to $51,100 in annual income, and partial payments for those with incomes between $51,100 and $94,787. In other words, low- and middle-income seniors will see no change in their OAS benefits.

“With limited resources and budget deficits across the country, governments must refocus their efforts and spending on key priorities,” says Clemens. “Redistributing tax money from workers to seniors with incomes higher than the national average is unsound policy.”

Read: OAS delay may be catalyst to change

He also points out that since OAS benefits are calculated on an individual basis, it’s possible for two seniors living together to have a household income of $141,908 and still qualify for full OAS payments.

“Ottawa could find savings within OAS by re-evaluating payments paid to higher income seniors and reforming the eligibility criteria,” Clemens adds. “This would allow improved targeting of benefits for low-income seniors, particularly those living in high-cost regions, thereby helping seniors struggling with low-incomes.”

Better targeting of OAS benefits as suggested in the study would yield $730 million in savings today, which would increase over time as proportionately more Canadians become eligible for retirement programs.

Read: OAS deferral option now available

The authors suggest a wide array of potential uses for the savings, including re-examining the benefits paid to single, low-income seniors and enhancing the programs in place for working Canadians to save such as RRSPs and TFSAs.

They also propose a second reform to eliminate a barrier faced by seniors wishing to remain active in the labour force. The change involves adjusting the 15% OAS Recovery Tax, or “OAS clawback.” Currently, seniors with incomes between $70,954 and $114,670 are taxed an additional 15% on all income over $70,954—to proportionally reduce the amount of OAS benefits received.

In effect, that tax discourages seniors from working because it’s levied on top of their regular income taxes. The Recovery Tax asks seniors to fork over between 47% and 54.4% of their additional earnings, depending on the province in which they live.

In 2012 the federal government announced it was reforming OAS so that seniors will start collecting benefits at age 67 rather than 65 as they do now. This change will be phased in starting in 2023 and be fully in place by 2029.

A version of this article originally appeared on our sister site, Advisor.ca.

Copyright © 2020 Transcontinental Media G.P. Originally published on benefitscanada.com

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Mike Murphy:

The present system of paying some OAS to seniors making between $70,954.00 and $114,670.00 per year is not needed. Starting to claw back OAS at $51,100.00 per year earnings make more sense and would save the feds money that could be used where needed.

Removing the 15% OAS Recovery Tax is a bad idea and should remain in place. Individuals should be encouraged to retire at some point especially those financially able to do so. That would open up permanent good paying jobs to younger workers. If some individuals who have high earnings just want to work rather than retire then they should be expect to be taxed extra. There is a large need for community volunteers that they could help fill if they want to save taxes.

Wednesday, October 02 at 12:25 pm | Reply

lor:

Run for Prime Minister of Canada..We need people like you..

Tuesday, January 27 at 4:00 pm

SAM:

Unless you had a government job, or a Union backed job – mailman, TTC employee – your seniors years will be hell.
Ottawa should issue rent and food supplements and affordable public transit passes to those in need.

Wednesday, December 25 at 9:21 am | Reply

lavender:

You are dead ON Sam. It’s funny how our government have themselves a ( 6 ) six figure pension on our backs but we are suppose to survive on $ 12,000.oo a YEAR.

Monday, August 03 at 3:35 pm

D White:

If members of parliament feel that a six figure pension is fair then why does the rest of us get 12,000 a year. it was our money in the first place I contributed for 45 years. How much did they contribute?

Monday, January 13 at 3:27 pm | Reply

J turner:

When our government pays a senator 90 dollars a day for meals and a raise of .51 cents raise a month OAS to our seniors that’s a real shame!

Monday, February 03 at 2:02 pm | Reply

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